The Ultimate Loft Conversion Guide
Whether you plan on converting your loft into a bedroom, study, or new bathroom, you’ll need to consider which area of planning your project falls under. Most houses will come with an allowance for permitted development, which means that you can go ahead with your conversion without planning permission. However, if you live in a conservation area, or if, for example, your roof space isn't tall enough, it may be more complicated. Undertaking work without proper planning in place is a serious offence, and can result in fines, or even the demolition of the work undertaken. So it pays to know what’s what!
Loft conversions and permitted development
Permitted development rights were introduced as a way to make is easy for homeowners to complete small scale home projects without the need for planning. Now there is a catch to them, namely that you have to follow a strict set of guidelines when converting your loft.
Loft conversions fall into your permitted development rights if they follow these conditions:
A volume allowance of 40 cubic metres additional roof space for terraced houses*
A volume allowance of 50 cubic metres additional roof space for detached and semi-detached houses*
No extension beyond the plane of the existing roof slope of the principal elevation that fronts the highway
No extension to be higher than the highest part of the roof
Materials to be similar in appearance to the existing house
No verandas, balconies or raised platforms
Side-facing windows to be obscure-glazed; any opening to be 1.7m above the floor
Roof extensions, apart from hip to gable ones, to be set back, as far as practicable, at least 0.2m from the original eaves
Roof extensions not to be permitted development in designated areas**
The roof enlargement cannot overhang the outer face of the wall of the original house.
*Bear in mind that any previous roof space additions must be included within the volume allowances listed above. Although you may not have created additional space a previous owner may have done so.
**Designated areas include national parks and the Broads, Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty, conservation areas and World Heritage Sites.
It’s also worth noting that not all homes qualify for permitted development. Flats and maisonette are automatically excluded from the scheme, likewise are homes located in conservation areas, or ones classed as listed buildings.
Not sure which planning route is right for your home? We offer free consultations to all homeowners, so you can know what’s up before you begin.
Lawful Development Certificates
If your proposed conversion falls within permitted development, legally there’s no paperwork you need to obtain in order to go ahead.
However, we recommend all homeowners apply for a Lawful Development Certificate regardless. The certificate proves your build was approved by your local authority prior to construction. This protects you in the event the rules around permitted development change, as you can prove your construction was built legally at the time. Future home buyers will also be reassured by this documentation.
Applying for planning permission
Not eligible for permitted development? Don’t worry, though planning has a bad reputation, it can be a seamless process, if you have the right architect by your side.
If this is your first project, we recommend enlisting an architect to not only draw up designs for your new room, but to also act as your planning agent. This means they’ll package up your project correctly, and liaise with the local authority on your behalf. Not only will this protect you from common planning mistakes, they’ll be able to make any quick changes to your design, should the council suggest these are needed to get approval first time round.
Facts about planning permission…
Once submitted, planning takes around 8 weeks for a decision to be reached.
Though architects can submit your project, you will need to pay the application fee yourself. This can vary council to council.
If approved, planning permission lasts for three years.
Planning permission is tied to the house, so if you sell your home, it can be sold alongside for a boost to your house price.
Impact of neighbouring properties is a common reason for rejection.
Homes within conservation areas are subject to stricter rules.
If rejected, you will have a year to resubmit modified designs. This is free to the homeowner.